Candelilla Plant | El Instituto de la Candelilla es una organización que integra los de la cadena de valor en la producción de la cera de Candelilla Mexicana. Download scientific diagram | Cera de candelilla en diferentes presentaciones. Figure 2. Different presentations of candelilla wax. from publication: Pasado. PRONAMEX Productos Naturales de México Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax . En México.
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A new classification of the Candelilla was presented in by G. It also finds use in cosmetic industry, as a component of lip balms and lotion bars. The sulfuric acid prevents the formation of an emulsion between the wax and water, which could occur due to the turbulence created by the boiling process. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent. The exploitation of Candelilla in its natural state for the production of wax thus became one of the most important economic activities, in those rural regions where the Candelilla plant grows.
During the rainy season the Candelilla plant becomes covered with small pink-colored flowers.
It is also used for making varnish. Art materials Food additives Painting materials Waxes E-number additives. Views Read Edit View history. After gathering all the plants found in the area, they load up and move to other nearby fields.
Inthe botanist J. The high hydrocarbon content distinguishes this wax from carnauba wax. The batch of Candelilla immersed in acid-water is heated over a direct fire until the solution comes to a boil, at which time the wax is separated from the plant and fuses with the liquid.
The plants root is relatively small, although a plant of moderate size can develop more than stalks of a grayish-green color, with typical dimensions of cm in long and 0. Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax.
The distances from gathering points to the collection centers can range from 25 to km 15 — miles.
Retrieved from ” candelillq Manufacturing The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert. The Candelilla plant belongs to the Euphorbia species, the common name of an extensive family of flowered plants — similar in appearance to cacti — but which are clearly differentiated by the milky latex contained by the Euphorbia plants.
The wax is obtained by boiling the leaves and stems with dilute sulfuric acidand the resulting “cerote” is skimmed from the surface and further processed. During the rainy season, the Candelilla stalks become covered with a thick sap, which then covers the stalks with wax during the dry season to prevent evaporation.
Candelilla formations are most abundant at elevations of around m ft and are commonly associated with growths of such plants as lechuguilla or prickly lettuce, sotol palm, Chinese grass, ocotillo and diverse cactus plants. Even in times of severe draught the Candelilla protective mechanism has proven to be effective. Today, the Candelilla plant is considered useful in the treatment of a variety of illnesses.
They generally take more than five days to harvest the plants and work becomes more complicated when the plants are located on other ranches or private property.
Each burro can typically carry from kg lb. The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.
One of its major uses is as a binder for chewing fe. However, these plants offer lower wax yields, as well as lower melting points and a lower saponification value, compared to the wax produced from the plants of the Euphorbia species. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat In order to refine the wax it must again be broken up, melted and filtered through Fuller earth, activated carbon or some candelipla filtration system.
Pickup trucks are also sometimes used.
The method used for the exploitation and distribution of the Candelilla plant is very rudimentary. Normally, the Candelilla plant is pulled out by hand from the roots, although occasionally a sharpened stick may be used to facilitate digging out the plant.
Some of these producers complement their income by gathering other plant species native to the desert, or by agriculture, raising cattle and even mining. In this way, about tons are produced annually. The plants are then brought to collection centers where the process for extracting the wax is carried out. This is evidenced by csra low yields and high costs in producing the wax.
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