This species has been listed as ‘Vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List because of the large scale destruction of wet evergreen forest throughout its range; the. Descriptions and articles about the Azobe, scientifically known as Lophira alata in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Brief Summary; Distribution;. Summary. Found in Western tropical Africa, Niam Tree or Lophira alata is an extremely large tree growing usually about m tall. It has a long, narrow crown.
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The earliest export record of the timber dates from the 16 th century and documents its sale from Ghana to the United Kingdom for use as keels in ship building. However, the number of fruits under a mother tree becomes lophkra larger when the bole diameter has become larger than cm, or when the tree avails of a large exposed crown. It is suitable for joinery, interior trim, sporting goods, toys, novelties, agricultural implements, turnery and hardboard.
Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome. Stem cuttings are also possible[ ]. Germination can be fairly rapid taking 9—16 days, but can also take longer, 18—30 days for normal, mono-embryonic seeds, and about 45 days for poly-embryonic seeds, which are fairly common in Lophira alata.
Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. Slata of Lophira alata are often attacked by an insect, causing 4—5 cm large galls on both surfaces.
Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image. The average diameter growth rates vary strongly in natural forest.
In plantations, attacks have been reported by larvae of an unidentified insect destroying the apical bud, leading to premature branching of young stems.
Commercial logs range in diameter from 60 cm to cm, occasionally reaching cm. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox.
Common scarlet-darter Crocothemis erythraea. White marlin Kajikia albida. The leaves of L. For other plant species commonly known as ironwood, see ironwood Lophira alata Conservation status. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can.
Young plants are more sensitive to attack by stem borers when they are exposed to full light; such attacks are more frequent in the nursery than in forest. If you are able to help please contact: If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.
An extract of the leaves has shown activity against the vector of schistosomiasis. Flowering occurs in adult trees with trunks over 50 centimetres in diameter, and takes place from the time the new leaves appear. Sign up to lophirs newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox.
This outer layer of wood contains the sap and is lophir lighter in colour than the heartwood. Twigs are used as toothbrush. Other Uses An oil obtained from the seed is used as a hair oil and is also suitable for making soap[46 ]. Small rodents are a threat because they dig up and eat the seeds. The leaves of the azobe are up to 25 centimetres long and are tough, fairly narrow and elongated, with a rounded or slightly indented tip, alatx tend to occur in clusters at the ends of the twigs 2 4.
Plant Resources of Tropical Africa Introduction. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. It cannot grow in the shade. The plant is a pioneer species and is representative of a disturbed forest[ ]. Trees of Lophira alata are felled at any alta of the year as long as forest tracks are passable.
Several bi-flavonoids have been extracted from the bark, including lophirones B, C, D, E, L and M, bongosine, mbamichalcone and lophirochalcone. It is often found in alataa forest and regrowth along forest roads and in clearings, and is also common in forest islands in savanna and in open Wlata forest in Gabon and Congo.
Lophira alata is one of the most exploited forest trees of tropical Africa. In Akila Nigeriaa pure stand of Lophira alata had the following characteristics after 12 years:
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